In Matthew 4:16 the insertion of ‘and’ (‘the land and shadow of death’) treats ‘death’ as more than a mere reinforcement of ‘shadow,’ and in the Benedictus it marks a climax after ‘darkness’ (Lk. Psalm 23, “The Lord is my shepherd,” is arguably the most famous psalm in the Bible. It is a psalm which has been sung by good Christians, and will be while the world stands, with a great deal of pleasure and satisfaction. We are not sure when David wrote Psalm 23, but it is certainly through difficult situations, such as we are reading in I Samuel 30, that taught David that the Lord was his Shepherd. The Israelites, in particular, were known as shepherds (cf. Themes. 7:14). Satan desires to deceive those who trust in God, and wants them to believe they are lacking and deprived of the good things in life. Goodness and lovingkindness are probably the two most comforting attributes of God’s character for the Christian. Psalm 23 – The Lord is my Shepherd. To have the hospitality of such a host was to be secure indeed! The author of Psalm 23is David, the shepherd king of Israel, who was the second King of Israel. It may picture the straying sheep brought back, as in Isaiah 49:5, or perhaps Psalm 60:1 (Heb. Words in boxes are from the Bible. xxiii. xv. In pastoral circles no human protection is greater than that afforded by the hospitality of a Bedouin chief.95. What a wonderful assurance! This seems to be the point of the key terms in each line. I have understood Psalms 23 much better today than ever before. 6:6; Lk. David was a shepherd before he was a king and so he could see the symbolism of God’s shepherding His people when he wrote Psalm 23. Psalms was written by David. 2 Sam. It readied him for battle (cf. David never lost his assurance of God’s care and His keeping. I fear that Leupold does the same in his interpretation of verse 5. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? He does this by supplying him with the necessary provisions of food and water, which sheep require. The table prepared in the presence of David’s enemies was the host’s public announcement to them not to attempt to molest David in any way. II. Psalm 23, “The Lord is my shepherd,” is arguably the most famous psalm in the Bible. Cf. xxxii. 11:5), whose ways will either shame or vindicate their Shepherd’s good name. On the other hand, my soul usually means ‘my life’ or ‘myself’; and ‘restore’ often has a physical or psychological sense, as in Isaiah 58:12, or using another part of the verb, Proverbs 25:13, Lamentations 1:11, 16, 19. After all, David was a shepherd in his youth (1 Sam. The exact date of the writing of this Psalm is not known. RP’s footnote, ‘the darkest valley’) would widen the reference of the verse to include other crises besides the final one. It was written (and rewritten) long after David’s death. en leidt mij langs veilige paden tot eer van zijn naam. Chapter 23. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 23 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: "A Psalm by David." With Him we need nothing else (cf. 75 I am inclined to agree with Leupold, who writes, “Yet it is far less likely that ‘the sweet psalmist of Israel’ (II Sa. It is David's Heavenly Pastoral; a surpassing ode, which none of the daughters of music can excel. Our whole mode of thinking is “want-centered.” David tells us that to have God as our shepherd is indeed to have everything we want. 5; and for the whole phrase, Prov. I will not need anything. They continually get themselves in trouble. Psalm 23 is one of the best known and most loved Psalms in all of the Bible. But since the logic of God’s covenant allows no ending to His commitment to a man, as our Lord pointed out (Mt. David is assured that he will “dwell in the house of the Lord”102 forever.103. Thus the Lord Jesus identified himself as the Good Shepherd (John 10:11; cf. Yet this secondary interpretation is consistent with the original meaning, for in the view of the psalmists the power of death encroaches into a person’s life when the vitality of his life is weakened.” Anderson, Out of the Depths, pp. Heb. (in this verse) ‘to length of days,’ which is not in itself an expression for eternity. A Psalm of David. Exod. There are two systems for numbering the verses in the Psalms. I offer this line-by-line exposition of the 23rd Psalm so that we can look to see exactly what David is telling us under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. … The Promised Land was to be Israel’s rest (Deut. The Psalms were actually the hymnal that was used by the Hebrews as they worshiped God. Psalm 23 cannot be fully appreciated apart from the word of God spoken to Israel through the prophet Ezekiel. So, that was easy. These forty years the Lord your God has been with you; you have not lacked a thing” (Deut. The Story Behind the Psalm. … What is the background of Psalm 23? Verse 4 further qualifies the “I shall not want” of verse 1b. It is rather difficult to ascertain the exact occasion of the writing of the 23rd Psalm. Romantic as that thought may seem, it would be far more in keeping with what the Scriptures reveal elsewhere concerning him, when they tell us that after his anointing the spirit of God came upon him (I Sam. Discipline may seem unpleasant at the moment, but it is a comfort in the long term (cf. 17:35), the latter for control—since discipline is security.” Ibid, p. 111. It is a known fact that David was a shepherd by virtue of his profession and it is also very well known that he had an amazing voice. 6 Surely goodness and lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life, And I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever. They understand that He has laid down His life for them (John 10:15). He h leads me in i paths of righteousness 2. for his j name’s sake. 91 “Thou, at this point of danger, replaces the more distant ‘He’, in a person-to-person address; for the Shepherd is no longer ahead, to lead, but alongside to escort. 1:79).” Kidner, p. 111. 40:11 Joh. 1:5-6, 12, 14). Phillip Keller has written a book on Psalm 23 entitled A Shepherd Looks at Psalm 23, which has many helpful insights. He reigned from around 1055-1015 BC, give or take a few decades . Robert L. (Bob)Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. Est Psalmis honorabilis, saith Aben-ezra; it is a noble Psalm, written and sung by David, not when he fled into the forest of Hareth (1 Samuel 22:5), as some Hebrews will have it; but when as having overcome all his enemies, and settled his kingdom, he enjoyed great peace and quiet, and had one foot, as it were, upon the battlements of heaven. 31:6; Josh. 76 This is the view of Bernhard Anderson, who writes, “The major problem in interpreting this psalm is that it presents two images which seem to be inconsistent. Psalm 23, with its vivid portrait of yearning for and trust in God, is one of the most well known chapters in the book of Psalms. Ho. v1 The LORD is my shepherd. 102 “The language is figurative, and the phrase ‘house of the Lord’ does not necessarily imply the existence of the temple (Ex. The seemingly insignificant tasks and experiences of our lives are of great importance. Read them in the archive below. Deut. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Let us see this psalm not only as a superb text on the Shepherd, but as a model for all shepherds. 2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters. xii. 11, viii. In fact, David only wrote about half of the Psalms—73 out of all 150, to be precise (though the Latin Vulgate and Septuagint credit a … This is the picture Satan tried to paint in suggesting that God had withheld the fruit of every tree of the garden from Adam and Eve (Gen. 3:1). PSALM 23. The other psalm that he wrote when but a young lad was Ps. He renews my strength. LORD, how numerous are my enemies! David’s wife Michal (Saul’s daughter) was able to deceive the men… The expression “lie down” speaks of rest (cf. 2:7). 22:32), the Christian understanding of these words does no violence to them.” Kidner, pp. 13:20; 1 Pet. 19:7). It appears that there is a spiritual meaning implied in Psalm 23:2-3a85 which presses beyond the literal meaning of physical nourishment and rest. 97 “Jehovah is no niggard host, like the Pharisee (Luke vii. Psalm 23 is het meest eenvoudige en tegelijkertijd meest diepgaande loflied in de Bijbel. David, who was familiar with the role and responsibility of a shepherd, wrote the psalm. 8:7-9). Deut. 12), and individually (Ps. Whether or not we are able to grasp how a father could offer his virgin daughters to such a mob, we must at least gain some appreciation for the strong sense of obligation Lot felt to the two men in view of his hospitality.96 Psalm 23:5 describes this type of protective hospitality. Paul tells us that God’s work of saving men by grace was for the purpose of bringing praise “to the glory of his grace” (cf. Critical Overview. I will feed My flock and I will lead them to rest,” declares the Lord God (Ezek. Criticism. No doubt David did write psalms as he spent lonely hours with his flocks in the field, but it is difficult to imagine that a psalm of such depth could have been written by a young lad.75 A young lad knows little of the dangers and disappointments of life or of the opposition which is referred to in verses 4 and 5. 2 Pet. Many attack me. 10:11-16 Een psalm van David. A Psalm of David. He leads me beside still waters. 23 The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. Psalm 23 A psalm of David. 2-3). The blessings and the calmness of soul which David experienced in his life and expressed in this psalm would be a delight to anyone, but how can we be assured of them in our lives? The cup was likewise a gesture of generosity. Psalms, but, rather, whether the Psalms contain any poems written before the Exile,”3 there are now scholars who claim there is no limit backwards for this type of literature.4 Gun- kel and Mowinckel, whose views we shall consider in detail later, agree in dating the Psalms … In Deuteronomy 8 Moses told the Israelites that God “let them be hungry” to test them and to teach them (vv. 23:21; Mic. Psalms chapter 23 KJV (King James Version) 1 (A Psalm of David.) Surely — This is another of the psalmist’s inferences, and a very sure one. He was most likely sixteen or seventeen years old. King James Bible 1611. This is strongly suggested by David’s use of the same expression “to restore the soul” in Psalm 19: “The law of the Lord is perfect, restoring the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple” (Ps. The amount of security which any host could provide depended upon his prestige and power. in 1971. Knowing David was a shepherd in his early years, we may be inclined to interpret this psalm from the perspective of the shepherd. In order for God’s sheep to be led to grassy meadows and restful streams, they must pass through dark and dangerous places.89 The “paths of righteousness” (v. 3) are not always peaceful paths.90 While we are never promised there will be no evil, we can be assured that we need “fear no evil” (v. 4), for we will always be in the Shepherd’s presence if we follow Him in His paths. The second cause of doubt is when our “under-shepherds” fail us. The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not be in want. 5-6).76 With this background in mind, let us begin our study of Psalm 23. 211-212. 14:1f. All through the ages Satan has attempted to portray God as a begrudging giver who only provides when He must.

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