In their successful response to the pandemic Japan has emphasized that the risk of infection is especially high in the “three Cs” – these three Cs should be avoided to reduce the risk of getting infected:18. The trajectories of the death counts make clear just how very differently different countries were impacted. Not the entire world population needs to be immune, but a sufficiently large fraction, this is the ‘herd immunity threshold’.19. Unfortunately this has already happened several times during the pandemic: the need for healthcare was much greater than what the system was able to offer in the North of Italy, Madrid, New York City, and several other places around the world. Scientists around the world are working on solutions to fight this pandemic – better tests, medication, and in the best scenario, a vaccine – but this takes time. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30985-5, See also Randolph, H. E., & Barreiro, L. B. 2.8 million people die prematurely from alcohol consumption every year. How did inequality of education change over time? Taxes are the most important source of government revenue. 26, D., 2020, & Pm, 12:45. Trust is essential for community, wellbeing, and effective cooperation. Only a fraction of total cases – those confirmed by a test – is known. In the meantime we have to learn from the metrics that are available currently: the number of confirmed deaths due to COVID-19, excess mortality, and the early results of the ongoing research on the pandemic’s indirect impacts. But the virus most likely enters your body via your hands and the research is clear that washing your hands with simple soap and water is the best thing you can do to protect yourself from infection.8. Global average cereal yield is 4 tonnes per hectare. What determines how large or small the world population will be? To get the right mindset for your most important job of 2020: Wash your hands like you just cut some chillies and now have to put contact lenses in. Research and data to make progress against the world’s largest problems. Eventually they were able to bend the curve and bring down the number of confirmed cases, while increasing the ratio of tests to confirmed cases. We update it continuously. Country-by-country data and research on the pandemic. These efforts have likely saved more than 100 million lives since. Big innovations now could make all the difference between a pandemic that spreads around the globe and requires us to live a life in constant worry of new outbreaks or the possibility that we find the technological innovation to protect ourselves from the virus. The world population was 7.18 billion in 2013. The data, its source, and its visualization are often conveniently co-located. Max Roser, Our World in Data. Where does the plastic in our oceans come from and what can we do to reduce plastic pollution? However, with the COVID-19 pandemic we are in the unfortunate situation that the number of total cases is not known. Retrieved June 17, 2020, from https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12985-019-1182-0, Ferris Jabr (2020, March 13) – Why Soap Works. In this pandemic too, we can hope – but not expect – that science comes to the rescue. How people spend their time is similar in many ways across countries: we all sleep, work, eat, and enjoy leisure. Explore our work on Age Structure across the world. When and why did more people become literate? Some of us can’t stay home. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). 9.6 million people die from cancer every year. What are the means to reach this goal and win time and provide healthcare for all that need it? More detailed information is also made available by the authors. Dana Perry. Because the P-score measures percentage difference within a country, it allows for direct comparisons across countries. This data portal produced by the Oxford Martin Programme on Global Development at the University of Oxford is made available as a public good. The aim is to slow the spread of the disease so that we reduce the peak and can care for all – or at least a larger share – of the people that need care. You can of course select other countries too. How did poverty change over time and how can the world win the fight against extreme poverty? These two interactive maps show where schools and workplaces are closed as a response to the pandemic. Where are people dying from homicides? Tom Chivers we would like to thank for his editorial review and feedback. 3.4 million people die prematurely from outdoor air pollution every year. How has the quality of education changed over time? The world produces more than enough food for everyone. 8.1 million people die prematurely from smoking every year. The British NHS recommends that you “stay at least 2 meters (3 steps) away from anyone you do not live with.”17. The data on the coronavirus pandemic is updated daily. Ethnographic evidence confirms that violence is very common in nonstate societies and drastically higher than in modern state societies. For this reason we at Our World in Data built a global database on testing. Clicking on any country in the chart highlights that country. It is not a nice experience, but during a pandemic physical distancing is a nice thing to do. Learn more. By hovering over the epi curves – or finding a country via ‘Select countries’ in the bottom left – you can see how the testing relative to the size of the outbreak has changed over time for each country. This is the biggest reason I am optimistic that Africa's progress will continue. Perhaps the most important thing to know about the pandemic is that it is possible to fight the pandemic. Our World in Data switches to Johns Hopkins University as our main data source for COVID-19 cases and deaths To continue providing daily updates on the Coronavirus Pandemic, Our World in Data has switched from ECDC to Johns Hopkins University as our data source for confirmed cases and deaths. Source: UK ONS Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: mid-2019. Our mission at Our World in Data is to provide the research and data on the world’s largest problems and how to make progress against them. 4. Freshwater resources across the world are the focus of this entry. The average height of a population can inform us about the nutrition and living conditions of populations in the past for which we have little other data. The definitions here are found in Walker et al. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. Only if we end the pandemic everywhere can the pandemic end anywhere. In our page dedicated to the mortality risk we explain why it is difficult to answer this question and what we do know – we explain the difference between the infection and the case fatality rate, explain common mistakes in interpreting mortality statistics, and we report the case fatality rate for countries around the world – as always we update it daily. Who is emitting greenhouse gases? How does access to education differ between girls and boys. Research and data to make progress against the world's largest problems, like the coronavirus outbreak. The reason to stay home is not necessarily that you are scared for your own health, but to protect those who need to be out. Thank you all. We need to look at the countries that responded most successfully and learn what allows to make progress against the pandemic. In The Lancet; June 01, 2020. Founded in 2011, by Max Roser, Our World in Data is a web publication that visualizes datasets of global trends across time and presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing. Beyond this we teamed up with our friends from the YouTube channel Kurzgesagt and collaborated with them to make this video on the COVID-19 pandemic. Peacekeeping aims to help countries transition from conflict towards peace. 5 million people die prematurely from air pollution each year. [For more details on this metric see here.]. Light at night was once expensive everywhere. You can embed any of our charts in your work. You can find the complete overview – including a detailed description of each source – in our testing database here. Data sources for the project are varied; each category or "A Visual History" presentation's slide cites its particular sources. COVID-19 developed into a global pandemic. For details for individual countries see our detailed source descriptions. But soap and water are the better protection – medical microbiologist Manal Mohammed wrote an excellent summary of how to keep your hands clean. In many countries the governments set restrictions that have the same goal of restricting proximity between people – travel restrictions, school closures, workplace closures. Responding successfully means two things: limiting the direct and the indirect impact of the pandemic. 86% of global primary energy comes from fossil fuels. And others might postpone seeing a doctor because their are afraid to get infected with COVID-19 and thereby miss a diagnosis. The world map shows enormous differences across countries. If someone is infected with COVID-19, how likely is that person to die? Additionally, hand-washing with soap makes our hands slippery and the mechanical motion of washing rips the viruses away from your skin and down the drain.10. (2020); cited previously. Diarrheal diseases are one of the leading cause of child deaths while they are largely preventable. The Lancet, 395(10236), 1527–1529. Once the majority of human labor was dedicated to food production. Our data covers currently 66% of the world population. 26% of global greenhouse gas emissions come from food production. How does trust vary between different societies and locations and what matters for levels of trust? https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2020.04.012. To capture both of these are ongoing efforts of our work. The chart allows everyone to monitor whether the world is successful in the fight against the pandemic: what the world needs to achieve is that all lines turn into dark blue and hit zero. We can only include countries in this chart for which we have data on testing. Our World in Data is the website that presents the Long-term Data on how our World is Changing – Visualised in Maps and Graphs. It is possible that a share of the population already has some form of immunity – in this case this share of the population would already get us closer to the required threshold. But not everyone has access to handwashing facilities. Countries are grouped into four categories: Note that there may be sub-national or regional differences in restrictions. What does the same chart look like in per capita terms? All of today’s rich countries were poor in the past – how do poor countries become rich? Pages in category "Our World In Data" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 515 total. What is the global situation today and how can we make progress? We know that it is possible to bring down the Rt and to flatten the curve. 11.8 million people die prematurely from drug use every year. If you don’t know how to wash your hands, let this nurse teach you. What is the global distribution of agricultural labor today? This is the logic of ‘flattening the curve’. An overview of our research on global health. How common is corruption? The countries that have a positive rate below 3% are shown in shades of blue. Countries vary in which test count they report. Our World in Data is an online publication that shows how living conditions are changing. The world map here shows this data – it is exactly the same data shown as the line color in the chart above. Indoor air pollution – caused by the burning of firewood, crop waste, and dung for cooking and heating – is a major health risk of the world’s poorest. Humans are capable of atrocious cruelty – the history of war makes this all too clear. The eradication of smallpox is surely one of humanity’s greatest success stories – once an extremely terrible disease, it was eradicated thanks to global vaccination campaigns. Pneumonia is the leading cause of death for children younger than 5 years. A global overview of teaching professionals. The New York Times. How does the number of men and women differ between countries? And what are the prospects for making the world more peaceful? What are the returns? Some places are more dangerous than others. The death toll there continues to rise quickly week after week. The Conversation. The world produces more than 200 million tonnes of fertilizer each year. Obesity is responsible for 4.7 million premature deaths every year. Our in-depth article on measuring excess mortality: The COVID-19 pandemic could be (hopefully!) Are we making progress against cancer? In many countries the amount of time parents spend with their kids has been increasing over the last 50 years. The world faces two energy problems: most of our energy production still produces greenhouse gas emissions, and hundreds of millions lack access to energy entirely. Large inequalities exist in educational opportunities across and within countries. How effective have these policies been in reducing contact between people? How quickly have different technologies been adopted across the world? Yet again, in the website “Our World in Data” (by Max Roser) we can see how a few years after Keynes wrote his essay (1930) started the Second World War. But it is also possible to study the past months: by moving the time slider below the map you can see how these policies have changed in each country over the course of the pandemic. England & Wales compose ~89% of the UK population. We know how to slow the speed of infection and flatten the curve. How did global forest cover change over time? Other island nations were also able to almost entirely prevent an outbreak (like Taiwan, Australia, and Iceland). Pesticides are used to protect plants from weeds, fungi, or insects. 5.5 million children younger than five die every year. This includes tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and illicit drug use. 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